A Half Duplex Integral Vocoder Modem System.
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC
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Disclosed is a system whereby in a transmit mode analog speech is sampled and converted digitally to 12 bits of accuracy and then fed into a fast Fourier transform FFT processor which analyses the speech into spectral and pitch parameters. These parameters are then quantized into a data stream which acts as an input to a differential phase shift keying modulator. The modulator constructs a multi-tone modem output signal from a 25 tone stack which is converted to an analog signal which is fed into a communications channel. In the receive mode a modem input signal from the communications channel is fed through the same analog to digital converter which was used for input speech. A data stream is now provided which is coupled back into the same digital FFT processor which now operates to provide pitch spectral coefficients which are then separated and used by a synthesizer to reconstruct a speech waveform. The speech waveform is applied to a digital analog converter which is the same converter used to produce the line signal when the processor operates in the transmit mode. The FFT processor implements a single FFT algorithm which is used for both vocoder and modem processing in both the transmit and receive modes. Author
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Voice Communications