Narrow-Band Inverted Homo-Heterojunction Avalanche Photodiode.
DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WASHINGTON D C
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A narrow-band, inverted homo-heterojunction avalanche photodiode is described which is configured in the shape of a mesa situated upon a substrate which is transparent to selected light energy wavelengths. The diode is inverted for operation such that the incoming light energy enters the substrate side, passes through a wavelength selective buffer layer and is absorbed upon entering the succeeding, active region. Avalanche gain is attained by drift from the area of absorption to the high field p-n homo-heterojunction located immediately thereafter. The device exhibits low levels of noise during operation because absorption is occurring in a low field region and because the ionization and breakdown noise associated with lattice mismatches is avoided through the formation of the p-n homo-heterojunction in one continuous growth process. Appropriate passivation of the mesa walls inhibits surface leakage and breakdown effects.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment