The Relationship between Enlisted Deployment and Retention
Final rept. Mar 2006-Jun 2007
HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA
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This Study Note reports the results of analysis investigating the relationship between Soldier combat zone deployment history and retention, based on data from FY2003 through FY 2005. Using administrative data on actual re-enlistment decisions and combat zone deployments, we found that measures of a Soldiers most recent deployment history were positively associated with the probability of re-enlisting for both first and second term Soldiers. In contrast, when the expectation of deployment in the next term was considered instead of recent deployment history, we found that deployment has a negative impact on retention. When a measure of the hazard of deployment, fatality rates among Army Soldiers, was added to the model, a large negative impact on reenlistment was observed. However, the time period indicators still remained large and significant suggesting other unidentified factors impact reenlistment. In sum, the measures of deployment history used in this study did not fully explain the substantial declines in retention observed between FY 2003 and FY 2005. In particular, measures of expectations of future deployments were lower in FY 2005 than in FY 2004, but retention continued to decline between FY 2004 and FY 2005.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations