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The Development and Evaluation of an Innovative Internet-Based Breast Cancer Psychosocial Intervention

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Final rept. 1 Oct 1999-30 Sep 2002

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The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an Internet-based psychosocial intervention for women with primary breast cancer. During the project 10199 to 93102, the following tasks were completed 1 9 women participated in a pilot of the Internet-based psychosocial intervention, and 92 women were randomized to the Internet- based psychosocial intervention or usual care wait-list control group 2 analyses of data collected from participants were completed 3 preliminary text analyses of the support group messages were completed. Results The analyses found that in comparison to wait-list control group participants, intervention group participants significantly reduced their depression, post-traumatic stress, and general stress scores. Significance Women with primary breast cancer are able to participate in Internet-based psychosocial interventions and receive substantial benefits from their participation. Participants with very little computer experience were able to rapidly learn how to use the intervention website. They found that the group offered them a forum for providing and receiving emotional support, forming new friendships, understanding that their problems were not unique, confronting difficult problems and fears, and discussing sexual concerns with other group participants. This study adds to the growing literature on the benefits of psychosocial interventions for primary breast cancer patients.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

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