An Intervention Study on Screening for Breast Cancer Among Single African-American Women Aged 65 and Older
Final rept. 1 Sep 1996-30 Jun 2000
MEHARRY MEDICAL COLL NASHVILLE TN
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This is the final report of our intervention study that aimed to increase the use of breast cancer screening among older single African-American women. During the period, we finished each task for the project according to the Statement of Work. We developed a breast screening intervention program according to socioeconomic, cultural, psychological and behavioral characteristics of older single African-American women, conducted the intervention, completed three waves of interviews, and did data analyses to evaluate the intervention program. Our study subjects were single African-American women aged 65 and older living in ten public housing complexes. The intervention program targeted cognitive barriers, psychological barriers related to single marital status, and social-network barriers. Our preliminary results based on the mixed model regression analysis showed that women in the intervention group seemed more likely to have a clinical breast examination or mammogram in the first year after the intervention. The intervention program did not have the overall positive effects on breast self-examination and knowledgeattitudesbeliefs in breast health and screening. These preliminary results were discussed while more detailed data analyses are needed to further evaluate the intervention program.
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