Female Reproductive Effects of Exposure to Jet Fuel at U.S. Air Force Bases
Annual rept. 15 Oct 1998-14 Oct 1999
CINCINNATI UNIV OH
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One of the most prevalent exposures at all Air Force AF bases is to jet fuel. Total consumption ranks in the billions of gallons. Jet fuel is composed of aliphaticaromatic hydrocarbons and traces of metals that have potential adverse effects on health including menstrual disorders, infertility, spontaneous abortions, and fetal effects. This study addresses whether or not women are experiencing menstrual symptoms and hormone change related to their workplace from fuel or other occupational exposures. Ten AF bases participated and have been visited. Approximately 1000 women were identified as potential participants. Of this group 170 were eligible and participated. Menstrual disorders dysmenorrhea, hypermenorrhea, and abnormal cycle length were evaluated in 170 employed by the USAF, 140 were military and 30 were civilians. The average age of the participants was 29.4 years, 61.8 were Caucasians, and 56.8 were married. Of this group, 66 had job activities involved with fuel handling and 104 did not. Results indicate a two-fold increase in dysmenorrhea for those women involved in fuel handling OR 2.1, 95 CI 1.1-4.1.
- Medicine and Medical Research