The Mechanics of Delamination in Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials. Part 1. Stress Singularities and Solution Structure
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA DEPT OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS
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The fundamental mechanics of delamination in fiber composite laminates is studied. Mathematical formulation of the problem is based on recently developed laminate anisotropic elasticity theory and interlaminar fracture mechanics concepts. Stress singularities and complete solution structures associated with general composite delaminations are determined. For a fully open delamination with traction-free surfaces, oscillatory stress singularities always appear, leading to physically inadmissible field solutions. A refined model is introduced by considering a partially closed delamination with crack surfaces in finite-length contact. Stress singularities associated with a partially closed delamination having frictional crack-surface contact are determined, and are found to be different from the inverse square-root one of the frictionless-contact case. In the case of a delamination with very small area of crack closure, a simplified model having a square-root stress singularity is employed by taking the limit of the partially closed delamination. The possible presence of logarithmic-type stress singularity is examined no logarithmic singularity of any kind is found in the composite delamination problem. Numerical examples of dominant stress singularities are shown for delaminations having crack-tip closure with different frictional coefficients between general theta sub 1 and theta sub 2 graphite-epoxy composites.
- Laminates and Composite Materials