Epidemiological Surveillance of Influenza and Other Respiratory Diseases in Military Personnel
Technical Report,01 Oct 1982,31 May 1983
COLORADO UNIV HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER DENVER DENVER United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The H.I. antibody response of recruits who had received either whole virus vaccine or split vaccine was compared. Response to the whole vaccine was exceptionally good. Response to the ether-split vaccine was, if anything, slightly better. The incidence of febrile URI remained extremely low despite outbreaks of H1N1 and H3N2 influenza A and of influenza B. At no time did the number of cases1000week exceed 3.8. It appeared that vaccine had been remarkably effective in providing protection and in reducing transmission. Despite the occurrence of cases of three types over many weeks there was only one week when influenza appeared to have an appreciable effect on overall respiratory disease rates in the student population. Strains of H3N2 influenza A and influenza B were consistently isolated from patients with influenza, but, as in the past, virus isolation was successful in only about 60 of cases of H1N1 influenza. For these serologic diagnosis was essential in order to detect all cases. Other viral diseases occurred only in very small numbers. Three cases of adenovirus diseases were detected. No cases of rubella or rubeola were recognized. Streptococcal cultures were positive in 13 of the patients. Serum from 50 recruits which received the standard military vaccine were tested against the new APhilippines222 which has been accepted as the AH3N2 component of the vaccine for the year. Keywords Hemagglutinin and Adenovirus.