U.S. Army Chemical Corps Historical Studies. Gas Warfare in World War I: Gas Warfare at Belleau Wood, June 1918
COCHRANE (REXMOND C) EDGEWOOD ARSENAL MD
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Perhaps the most publicized single unit operation in World War I was the stand of the 2nd Division across the Paris Road and the subsequent battle of that division for Belleau Wood. The artillery, machine gun, and rifle duel fought over the kilometer of terrain near Chateau Thierry in June 1918 has been well described in both Marine and Army publications and in popular and official histories. Many of these accounts acknowledge briefly and in passing the use of gas in the battle. Some fail to mention gas entirely, despite the fact that in this operation, its first independent combat action, the 2nd Division waws under some kind of gas attack on 31 of the 35 days of the campaign. For a period of three or four days following the gas attack of 14-15 June, a determined effort by the German forces opposite might well have shattered the entire front of the 2nd Division and opened the way to Meaux and Paris.
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare