Individual Differences in Critical Aircrew Elements. I. The Determination of Critical Proficiency Requirements for B-29 Combat Crews.
AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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The object of this project was to collect, analyze, and structure basic aircrew performance data by methods which would provide a firm foundation for the subsequent development of reliable and valid proficiency measures for B-29 combat crews. Data on aircrew performance were obtained by analysis of already existing evaluation forms, from study of technical aircrew literature, through individual and group interviews with flying personnel, by analysis of bombardment wing gross error board reports, and through reference to critical incidents obtained in a previous study. These data were integrated and utilized to develop tentative lists of proficiency evaluation items for each of seven B-29 aircrew positions. Subsequently arrangements were made to obtain, through judgments by qualified experts, information regarding the relative importance of the various items. The evidence indicates that the procedures discussed in this report have provided the sound basis necessary for the development of fully adequate proficiency evaluation techniques of the type required. It is recommended that the research in question be completed. The extension project will be concerned with the development of 1 procedures to be utilized by standardization crews in evaluating the proficiency of individual B-29 aircrew members, and 2 a crew evaluation and development form for use by B-29 airplane commanders.
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