History of the Army Ground Forces. Study Number 25. The Airborne Command and Center
ARMY GROUND FORCES WASHINGTON DC HISTORICAL SECTION
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The early history of the Airborne Effort is, in effect, a compilation of facts and data relating the concepts, efforts, accomplishments and problems of a few individuals who envisioned the unlimited possibilities presented for the utilization of air transportation, to project into combat an offensive striking force which might well be capable of determining the outcome of battles. Organizing and training such troops in the United States Army did not receive serious consideration until after the Munich Conference in 1938. Following the successful employment of airborne troops by the Germans as outlined above, by War Department order dated 21 September 1940, the Commanding General of the 2d Division was directed to conduct such tests as were necessary to develop reference data and operational procedures for air-transported troops. On 25 June 1940, the War Department directed organization of a test platoon, under the Commandant of the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, personnel to be secured from the 29th Infantry Regiment. On January 30 1942, the War Department directed that four parachute regiments be constituted. Other sections of this unit history cover Activation and Mission Expansion and Development 1942-1944 The Airborne Center Personnel Organization of the Airborne Division. Training of Airborne and Standard Ground Units Test and Development of Equipment and Materiel.
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