Multi-Team and Multi-Organization Systems
DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CANADA VALCARTIER (QUEBEC)
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Increasingly common in political, military, and business worlds, inter-organizational partnerships lead to the creation of hybrid structures which are controlled by several organizations. This document presents a typology of such multi-organization systems that emerge from the interaction of several organizations or are deliberately created by them. Multi-organization systems and multi-team systems offer a very interesting framework for the analysis of novel forms of cooperation implemented in response to new constraints or new opportunities. It is shown that these systems can be modelled using three features, which are purpose of partnership, control and cooperation structure, and dynamics of membership. The costs and advantages of different multi-organization systems are discussed individually, but also through their representation as a spectrum where movement in either direction implies a trade-off between autonomy and effectiveness. A middle zone is identified where lie the most efficient multi-organization systems.
- Administration and Management