High Power Pulse Modeling of Coaxial Transmission Lines
AIR FORCE WEAPONS LAB KIRTLAND AFB NM
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When coaxial cable is used for high voltage pulse transmission, a voltage transient appears on the outer sheath conductor. Although the magnitude of the transient is in the order of only a few per cent, this amounts to several kilovolts in many cases and must be carefully considered in terms of its effect on instrumentation, control and safety. To a first approximation, theoretically a coaxial cable should not develop any voltage on the outer sheath. A more refined analysis and model shows that the complete cancellation depends upon the self inductance of the sheath being exactly equal to the mutual inductance between the sheath and the center conductor. This condition is never exactly satisfied due to current distribution effects, even when the distribution is uniform and radially symmetric. The situation becomes worse when proximity effects are accounted for. The predicted sheath voltage agrees with experimental data within reasonable limits.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment