Uv Pre-Ionized Rail-Gap Switch For Stacked Blumlein Pulse Generators
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LAB CA
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Stacked Blumlein Pulse Generators comprised of parallel-plate transmission lines are potentially a useful pulse-power architecture for high-gradient, compact, electron-beam accelerators and other applications. Such pulse generators require a low-inductance, fast 5ns switch per stage to erect the stack and produce the desired output pulse. We are developing a rail-gap switch tightly integrated with the stack for this application. We employ ultraviolet light UV to pre-ionize the switch, which facilitates prompt, low-jitter, and potentially multi-channel operation. A novel aspect of our switch is that the source of the UV is a conventional Xenon flashlamp. This allows variation of the switch pressure and gas without affecting the flashlamp operation. We can operate our switch in either triggered or self-breaking mode. Here we present initial results of a two-stage, stacked Blumlein operating in self-break mode. We compare the switch performance to gas-switch scaling laws with respect to resistive-phase risetime and trigger delay as a function of gas density, gap-length, and gap-voltage.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Operations Research
- Electromagnetic Pulses