The Toxicity of Mustard and Mustard Lewisite to Terrestrial Organisms
DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SUFFIELD (CANADA)
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Chemical warfare agents, specifically mustard HD and mustard-lewisite HL mixtures have been used and stored in defence research and training establishments in Canada and abroad. HydroQual Laboratories Ltd. was contracted through Golder Associates Ltd. Burnaby to evaluate the toxicity of HD and HL to soil-dwelling organisms for Defence Research Establishment Suffield DRES. The toxicity of HD and I-IT- to terrestrial organisms was evaluated by applying soil health index tests SRI to two types of soils fortified with known quantities of HD and HL. Several concentrations were used to establish a dose-response relationship. The tests included root elongation and seedling emergence lettuce, alfalfa and northern wheatgrass, soil respiration, bacterial growth ECHA biomonitors, total heterotrophic bacteria, nematode survival, earthworm survival, algal growth inhibition, and bacterial luminescence. Tests were done on both water and methanol extracts of the soils. These solvents also permitted resolution of the presence and availability of contaminants with different physical and chemical properties.
- Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare