Breast SeIf-Examination Behavior Among High and Low Risk Women
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD
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Variables related to frequency of breast self-examination were examined in 73 women at average risk for breast cancer and 32 at high risk based on familial history. The goal was to survey whether factors found to be related to frequency and proficiency of practice in average risk women also apply to high risk women. Subjects completed a questionnaire which solicited demographic information, personal history of breast cancer and experienced breast symptomatology. Specific questions assessed the participants knowledge of correct BSE technique, frequency and experience. Attitudes toward BSE were also measured. One-way analyses of variance revealed that high risk women were significantly more knowledgeable about BSE, more proficient practicers and thought about breast cancer more than low risk women. However, both groups had low rates of practice. While embarrassment and BSE knowledge were additional predictors for the average risk women, the best predictor of BSE frequency in both groups was self con f idence about performing BSE correctly.
- Medicine and Medical Research