Accession Number:

ADA633885

Title:

Confinement and Propagation Characteristics of Subwavelength Plasmonic Modes

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY NANOSCALE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CENTER

Report Date:

2008-10-28

Pagination or Media Count:

15.0

Abstract:

We have studied subwavelength confinement of the surface plasmon polariton modes of various plasmonic waveguides and examined their relative merits using a graphical parametric representation of their confinement and propagation characteristics. While the same plasmonic phenomenon governs mode confinement in all these waveguides, the various architectures can exhibit distinctive behavior in terms of effective mode area and propagation distance. We found that the waveguides based on metal and one dielectric material show a similar trade-off between energy confinement and propagation distance. However, a hybrid plasmon waveguide, incorporating metal, low index and high index dielectric materials, exhibits longer propagation distances for the same degree of confinement. We also point out that plasmonic waveguides with sharp features can provide an extremely strong local field enhancement, which is not necessarily accompanied by strong confinement of the total electromagnetic energy. In these waveguides, a mode may couple strongly to nearby atoms, but suffer relatively low propagation losses due to weak confinement.

Subject Categories:

  • Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics
  • Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE