Tipster Program History
ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY ARLINGTON VA
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The history of the TIPSTER Text program has multiple threads. And, as preparation of this report marks the end of Phase I of a two-phase program, part of the history is planning for Phase ll, maintaining the successful threads. One of the threads is the close cooperation of six government organizations in formulating and implementing the program. This included not only sharing in the program formulation and funding, but also sharing in the definition of the tasks, in the preparation of large text corpora used for development, and in the development and implementation of evaluation methodologies. The second thread is the cooperation of the contractors in sharing ideas and resources while pursuing different, competitive approaches to the problems of text processing. The third thread is the sponsorship of the international Message Understanding Conferences MUCs and Text Retrieval Conferences TRECs. These conferences, which evaluated the state of the art and promoted text-processing RD outside of the TIPSTER Text contracts, were organized by NRaD and NIST. MUC-1 and MUC-2 preceded and set the stage for TIPSTER, before the sponsorship of these conferences became part of the program.
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