Accession Number:

ADA627000

Title:

Near-IR Direct Detection of Water Vapor in Tau Bootis b

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA DIV OF GEOLOGICAL AND PLANETARY SCIENCES

Report Date:

2014-02-24

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

We use high dynamic range, high-resolution L-band spectroscopy to measure the radial velocity RV variations of the hot Jupiter in the tau Bootis planetary system. The detection of an exoplanet by the shift in the stellar spectrum alone provides a measure of the planets minimum mass, with the true mass degenerate with the unknown orbital inclination. Treating the tau Boo system as a high flux ratio double-lined spectroscopic binary permits the direct measurement of the planets true mass as well as its atmospheric properties. After removing telluric absorption and cross-correlating with a model planetary spectrum dominated by water opacity, we measure a 6 sigma detection of the planet at Kp 111 or - 5 km s exp -1, with a 1 sigma upper limit on the spectroscopic flux ratio of 10 exp-4. This RV leads to a planetary orbital inclination of i 453 -4 Degrees and a mass of MP 5.900.35 -0.20MJup. We report the first detection of water vapor in the atmosphere of a non-transiting hot Jupiter, tau Boo b.

Subject Categories:

  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Infrared Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE