Laboratory Validation of the Sand Fly Fever Virus Antigen Assay
SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE WRIGHT- PATTERSON AFB OH PREVENTIVE MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH DEPT
Pagination or Media Count:
Sandfly fever group viruses in the genus Phlebovirus family Bunyaviridae are widely distributed across the globe and are a cause of disease in military troops and indigenous peoples. We assessed the laboratory sensitivity and specificity of the Sand Fly Fever Virus Antigen Assay, a rapid dipstick assay designed to detect sandfly fever Naples virus SFNV and Toscana virus TOSV against a panel of phleboviruses. The assay detected SFNV and TOSV, as well as other phleboviruses including Aguacate, Anahanga, Arumowot, Chagres, and Punta Toro viruses. It did not detect sandfly fever Sicilian, Heartland, Rio Grande, or Rift Valley fever viruses. It did not produce false positive results in the presence of uninfected sand flies Lutzomyia longipalpis or Cache Valley virus, a distantly related bunyavirus. Results from this laboratory evaluation suggest that this assay may be used as a rapid field-deployable assay to detect sand flies infected with TOSV and SFNV, as well as an assortment of other phleboviruses.
- Medicine and Medical Research