Accession Number:

ADA626806

Title:

Methodology Development of Computationally-Efficient Full Vehicle Simulations for the Entire Blast Event

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper 27 Oct 2011-30 Mar 2013

Corporate Author:

ALTAIR ENGINEERING INC TROY MI

Report Date:

2015-08-06

Pagination or Media Count:

18.0

Abstract:

Improvised Explosive Devices IEDs and mines pose significant threat to military ground vehicles and soldiers in the field. Due to the severity of the forces exerted by a blast, ground vehicles may undergo multiple sub-events subsequent to an explosion, including local structural deformation of the floor, gravity flight and slam-down. The current method of choice to simulate the effect of a shallow-buried IED or mine on a Lagrangian vehicle model, is a fluid-structure interaction with the environment modelled with an Eulerian formulation explosive, ground, air 1. This method, also called Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian ALE, is more expensive and involved than pure structural methods usually pressure loads applied to the vehicle surface. However, it allows for taking into account the effect of the shape, type and size of the charge and the soil characteristics on the impulse transmitted to the vehicle. Three approaches are proposed to reduce the analytical simulation time while maintaining the highest level of accuracy throughout the full blast and subsequent sub-events. The tradeoffs between the approaches are detailed in this paper.

Subject Categories:

  • Operations Research
  • Surface Transportation and Equipment
  • Defense Systems
  • Explosions

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE