Updates to Blast Injury Criteria Models for Nuclear Casualty Estimation
APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC ARLINGTON VA
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This report recommends blast injury criteria models to be implemented in our Health Effects from Nuclear and Radiation Environments software platform. Calculating blast injury probability is a two-step process where, first, the velocity of the human body or missile is determined and, second, this velocity is related to the likelihood of injury using probit models. We review and critique existing methodologies used by nuclear effects communities. Based on this review, we propose adjustments to minimize uncertainties and allow injury criteria to be calculated in urban environments. Probit models for tertiary injury i.e., decelerative tumbling and perpendicular impact and secondary injury i.e., stoneglass penetration and blunt trauma are presented. For each injury type, multiple injury levels exist ranging from moderate to fatal.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Weapons Effects (Biological)
- Statistics and Probability