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Theory of Evanescent-Wave Johnson Noise in Qubit Devices

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Final rept. 10 Nov 2010-9 Nov 2014

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A key step in the construction of quantum computing technologies is the identification and elimination of unwanted sources of noise and its resulting quantum decoherence. In solid state devices, one important source of noise is the fluctuating electric and magnetic fields that come from the device elements themselves. The ultimate source of these fluctuations is the random electric currents that are strongest in the metallic electrodes and leads. This random motion has both thermal and quantum components, though in most devices presently under investigation, the thermal part dominates. In the past, this important physical effect has generally been modeled by picturing the device using an equivalent RC circuit and applying the Nyquist theorem to this circuit. This approach has limitations, since it depends on global quantities, rather than on the detailed geometry and the local electromagnetic properties of the components. Our aim in this research project was to compute the effect from first principles. We considered the underlying physical law quantum electrodynamics governing the devices in question. Given the position- and frequency-dependent dielectric function, the electromagnetic noise spectrum can be calculated, and the decohering effect can be deduced. Semiconducting quantum dot and superconducting flux qubits were investigated.

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  • Electrical and Electronic Equipment
  • Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics
  • Quantum Theory and Relativity
  • Solid State Physics

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