Substance Use Prevention in a Youth Development Program
Rept. for Sep 2007-Aug 2009
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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This study assessed substance use and related factors among sixth through twelfth grade participants in a youth development program. Comparisons between participants N 361 and a national youth sample indicated that participants had lower 30-day and lifetime alcohol use, lower 30-day and lifetime prevalence of any illicit drug use, and higher drug-averse attitudes than the national sample. Comparisons between participants and new enrollees N 145 indicated higher drug knowledge among participants. The study also showed a short-term increase in self-esteem among new enrollees, no changes in substance use, and an unexpected negative effect for drug knowledge after 3 months in the program. Overall, the program had a minimal impact on participants drug use and related factors. Recommendations for program improvements are discussed.
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