What Does it Take to Be a "True Muslim"? Implications for Efforts to Counter al-Qa'ida's Violent Extremist Narrative
JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND FORT BRAGG NC CENTER FOR COUNTERTERRORISM STUDIES
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Despite military targeting successes against al-Qaida variant al-Qaeda leadership over the last 14 years, al-Qaidas network and influence continues to grow. More significantly, its narrative has been gaining traction, reaching target audiences in far-flung areas across the globe, contributing to the radicalization of more young individuals, and generating a greater number of recruits for al-Qaida and its affiliates and adherents AQAA. As a result, we find a recruiting pool today thats larger and more easily accessible compared to that of 14 years ago. This recruiting pool and deep bench developed from a group of Islamist extremists with whom AQAA shares its underlying ideology Salafism. The Salafi movement offers Salafi-Jihadists like AQAA fertile ground planted with seeds of extremists who, with comparatively little indoctrination by way of narratives, may become ready to make the jump from non-violent extremism to violent extremism in this case, from non-violent Salafism to Salafi-Jihadism. This paper addresses this issue and surrounding dynamics within the Muslim community, some of which have been observed first-hand by the Muslim author of this paper. It begins by providing the reader with an overview of al-Qaidas narrative. It then presents AQAAs foundational ideology as well as insights from historically influential scholars who have impacted and shaped todays Salafi-Jihadist groups. Later, this paper will discuss a mixture of counternarratives, to be used in various combinations as custom-designed solutions for specific communities in which stakeholders will implement the counternarratives. It will also introduce moderate Muslim scholars and activists who support those counternarratives and, correspondingly, shall illustrate the differences between mainstream orthodox Sunni Muslims and Salafists. Worth noting, this paper uses the terms moderate, traditional, and mainstream interchangeably to refer to orthodox Sunni Muslims.
- Humanities and History
- Unconventional Warfare