Getting More Out of FID and SFA: A Strategy for More Effective Foreign Internal Defense and Security Force Assistance As a Way to Build Partnership Capacity
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL
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As part of its national security strategy to protect the homeland and secure U.S. interests abroad, the United States uses Foreign Internal Defense FID and Security Force Assistance SFA to build partner capacity. While U.S. military personnel are effective in training foreign forces at the tactical level of warfare, military planners lack the ability to anticipate how and when these efforts translate strategically into lasting security. This research report provides an analytical framework to evaluate the potential effectiveness of FIDSFA activities to achieve sustainable security outcomes that should be of value in addressing this situation. The study analyzes FIDSFA activities in two countries Mali and Niger, because they represent areas where conflict over the next 20 years is most likely. That conflict includes a mix of traditional and irregular warfare fought by U.S. partners often failing or fragile states against non-state actors that resort to terrorism to create tension against the local government. U.S. policy-makers and military planners, working with the governments of Mali and Niger in 2002-2003, could have benefited from the framework identified in this thesis and used it to identify areas of risk to the success of FIDSFA activities in these countries. This research report also offers predictive analysis for Yemen, Nigeria, and Tunisia and makes the following recommendations as the United States moves forward with partnerships globally 1 make FIDSFA a strategic investment 2 increase diplomatic pressure on partner governments to strengthen governance and 3 build operationalstrategic level progression plans that carry forward yearly. These efforts will better ensure that U.S. leaders direct America s resources wisely to achieve sustainable security outcomes.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics