Information Operations: The Imperative of Doctrine Harmonization and Measures of Effectiveness
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
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In 2012, RAND published a report titled U.S. Military Information Operations in Afghanistan Effectiveness of Psychological Operations 2001 2010,1 which concluded that there was a disconnect between the doctrine and practice of information operations IO in the field that was counterproductive to effective and efficient operations. The report made several recommendations for improving the effectiveness of IO in Afghanistan, including the need for a cohesive strategy better integrating IO with psychological operations PSYOP and public affairs PA, as well as having a set of clearly defined measures of effectiveness MOE. Today, as the United States looks to further reduce its military footprint in Afghanistan, the need for harmonized IO doctrine that supports effective operations in the field, as well as the measures with which to gauge their effectiveness, is even greater.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics