Accession Number:

ADA624253

Title:

SimCoach Evaluation: A Virtual Human Intervention to Encourage Service-Member Help-Seeking for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA

Report Date:

2015-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

146.0

Abstract:

As of December 31, 2012, more than 2.5 million service members had served in Operation Enduring Freedom OEF or Operation Iraqi Freedom OIF Defense Manpower Data Center, 2013. Compared with that in previous conflicts, service in OEF or OIF bears some unique characteristics, including longer deployments, more-frequent deployments, and shorter rest times between deployments Belasco, 2011 Bruner, 2006 Serafino, 2005. National Guard and Reserve Component troops have also been called on to a greater extent than in past conflicts, with nearly one-third of deployed service members coming from Reserve Components or National Guard Committee on the Initial Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families, 2010 Committee on the Assessment of the Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families, 2013. Service members are experiencing extreme traumas in these conflicts, including roadside bombs, suicide bombs, improvised explosive devices, handling of human remains, and extreme violence. Exposure to all of these types of trauma increases the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and depression Tanielian and Jaycox, 2008 Committee on the Initial Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families, 2010 Committee on the Assessment of the Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families, 2013.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE