Accession Number:

ADA623979

Title:

The Montenegrin-Albanian Campaign in 1916: The Last Successful Unilateral Campaign of Austria-Hungary

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2015-06-12

Pagination or Media Count:

140.0

Abstract:

The thesis examines what factors prevented the Austro-Hungarian forces from capturing all of Albania in 1916. The Montenegrin-Albanian campaign was executed unilaterally by Austro-Hungarian forces but in a joint environment. In November 1915 the Central Powers decisively defeated the Serbian Army, and Austria-Hungary was keen on continuing the Balkan offensive. This campaign consist of three elements the Montenegrin operation, the Albanian operation and the supporting naval operation. Montenegro was a small country, but its mountainous terrain and fierce soldiers made their defeat challenging. The decisive factor was the use of artillery and a good plan. Montenegro fell in twelve days. The naval operation designed to prevent the Serbian Armys evacuation failed due to the passivity of the Austro-Hungarian Navys leadership. During the Albanian operation the advancing troops had extreme difficulties with the terrain, weather and the supply. As the forces reached the Vojusa River, the Austro-Hungarian forces logistically culminated. The frontline stabilized for two years. The campaign was successful, although many opportunities were lost. As a consequence, the Serbian forces were rebuilt, later decisively influencing the Balkan theatre. Furthermore, the Entente Powers built up the Otranto barrage, a naval blockade, disrupting the Central Powers submarines lines of communication.

Subject Categories:

  • Humanities and History
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE