The Protracted Border and Territorial Disputes Between Kyrgyzstan and Its Neighbors
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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The Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyzstan still has not resolved border disputes between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan since getting its independence due to having political, social, diplomatic, and economic challenges and the impact of the old Soviet border policy. As constituent parts of the Soviet Union, the Central Asian countries, including these three countries, did not face border disputes. The scholars claimed that the collapse of the USSR had the effect of reviving border disputes between post-Soviet republics and external countries. During the Soviet era, Moscow formed the borders between its Central Asian republics and its planners drew borderlines without considering those countries original geographic frontiers and ethnic links and borders were often revised. The presence of enclaves is another source of territorial dispute. Kyrgyzstan and both adjoining republics attempt to resolve the problems in their respective favor. There are not only border and territorial disputes, but also disagreements over natural resources. Due to unresolved disputes, there often occur border incidents that cause casualties and increase the number of confrontations. This thesis studies the main source of continuing border disputes for Kyrgyzstan that hampers the resolution of border disputes. These facts increase the risk of future conflicts within the region, and affect overall peace, stability, and security of the nations and region.
- Government and Political Science
- Civil Defense