The Effect of Forging Variables on the Supersolvus Heat-Treatment Response of Powder-Metallurgy Nickel-Base Superalloys
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING DIRECTORATE
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The effect of subsolvus forging temperature and strain rate on the grain size developed during final supersolvus heat treatment SSHT of two powder-metallurgy, gamma gamma prime superalloys, IN-100 and LSHR, was established. For this purpose, isothermal, hot compression tests were performed at temperatures ranging from 1144 K 871 deg C and 22 K 22 deg C below the respective gamma-prime solvus temperatures Ty and strain rates between 0.0003 and 10 sexpn 1. Deformed samples were then heat treated 20 K 20 deg C above the solvus for 1 h with selected additional samples exposed for shorter and longer times. For both alloys, the grain size developed during SSHT was in the range of 15 to 30 micro m, except for those processing conditions consisting of pre-deformation at the highest temperature, i.e., Ty 22 K Ty 22 deg C, and strain rates in the range of 0.001 to 0.1 sexpn 1. In these latter instances, the heat-treated grain size was approx. four times as large. The observations were interpreted in terms of the mechanisms of deformation during hot working and their effect on the driving forces for grain-boundary migration which controls the evolution of the gamma-grain size.
- Metallurgy and Metallography
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems