Comparison of JP-8 Sprays from a Hydraulically Actuated Electronically Controlled Unit Injector and a Common Rail Injector
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE
Pagination or Media Count:
JP-8 sprays from a hydraulically actuated electronically controlled unit injector HEUI and a common rail injector CRIN were investigated to compare the effects of the fuel delivery system on the spray behavior of the fuel. The fuel pressurization method between injectors is fundamentally different. The HEUI system utilizes engine oil to pressurize the fuel, whereas, the CRIN system pressurizes the fuel directly. To explore the different injection methods, rate of injection ROI experiments were initially conducted to measure shot-to-shot fuel quantity and rate of injection of both injector types. During the ROI experiments with the HEUI, the oil temperature and pressure was varied from 45C to 90C and 142-200 bar, respectively. In addition, the dwell time and rate shape of the HEUI was investigated to determine effects on injected fuel mass and rate of injection. Non-reacting spray experiments were performed in a high temperature 900 K, high pressure 60 bar flow chamber to investigate the transient liquid penetration lengths of both injection systems. Ambient conditions of the flow chamber were chosen to represent typical conditions found in a compression-ignition engine and fuel injection pressures were 850, 1000, and 1200 bar. Results showed that an increase in oil temperature for the HEUI will increase the injected fuel mass. The CRIN injector system showed 4 times more precise control of injected fuel mass compared to the HEUI, and the CRIN showed less variations in the hydraulic delay. Comparing the plume to plume transient spray behavior of the two systems showed that more variations were present with the HEUI injector. However, the overall transient liquid penetration behavior was similar for both injection systems. Results of this study can be used to optimize the design of engines using JP-8 with hydraulic fuel injectors, thus improving fuel efficiency and power output.
- Reciprocating and Rotating Engines