Pilot-in-the-Loop CFD Method Development
Progress rept. 1 Feb-30 Apr 2015
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV STATE COLLEGE DEPT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
This project is performed under the Office of Naval Research program on Basic and Applied Research in Sea-Based Aviation ONR BAA12-SN-0028. This project addresses the Sea Based Aviation SBA virtual dynamic interface VDI research topic area Fast, high-fidelity physics-based simulation of coupled aerodynamics of moving ship and maneuvering rotorcraft . The work is a collaborative effort between Penn State, NAVAIR, and Combustion Research and Flow Technology CRAFT Tech. This document presents progress at Penn State University. All software supporting piloted simulations must run at real time speeds or faster. This requirement drives the number of equations that can be solved and in turn the fidelity of supporting physics based models. For real-time aircraft simulations, all aerodynamic related information for both the aircraft and the environment are incorporated into the simulation by way of lookup tables. This approach decouples the aerodynamics of the aircraft from the rest of its external environment. For example, ship airwake are calculated using CFD solutions without the presence of the helicopter main rotor. The gusts from the turbulent ship airwake are then re-played into the aircraft aerodynamic model via look-up tables. For up and away simulations, this approach works well. However, when an aircraft is flying very close to another body i.e. a ship superstructure significant aerodynamic coupling can exist. The main rotor of the helicopter distorts the flow around the ship possibly resulting significant differences in the disturbance on the helicopter. In such cases it is necessary to perform simultaneous calculations of both the Navier-Stokes equations and the aircraft equations of motion in order to achieve a high level of fidelity.
- Marine Engineering
- Fluid Mechanics