Nonoperative Management of Splenic Injury in Combat: 2002-2012
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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Selective nonoperative management of combat-related blunt splenic injury BSI is controversial. We evaluated the impact of the November 2008 blunt abdominal trauma clinical practice guideline that permitted selective nonoperative management of some patients with radiological suggestion of hemoperitoneum on implementation of nonoperative management NOM of splenic injury in austere environments. Methods Retrospective evaluation of patients with splenic injuries from November 2002 through January 2012 in Iraq and Afghanistan was performed. International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure codes identified patients as laparotomy with splenectomy, or NOM. Delayed operative management had no operative intervention at earlier North American Treaty Organization NATO medical treatment facilities MTFs, and had a definitive intervention at a latter NATO MTFs. Intra-abdominal complications and overall mortality were juxtaposed. Results A total of 433 patients had splenic injuries from 2002 to 2012. Initial NOM of BSI from 2002 to 2008 compared to 2009 2012 was 44.1 and 47.2, respectively p 0.75. Delayed operative management and NOM completion had intra-abdominal complication and mortality rates of 38.1 and 9.1 p 0.01, and 6.3 and 8.1 p 0.77. Despite high-energy explosive injuries, NATO Role II MTFs radiological constraints and limited medical resources, hemodynamically normal patients with BSI and low abdominal abbreviated injury scores underwent NOM in austere environments.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Weapons Effects (Biological)
- Military Forces and Organizations