Accession Number:

ADA620193

Title:

The Strategic Importance of the Global Oil Market

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2015-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

55.0

Abstract:

This Letort Paper will explain why the confluence of four major factors 1 rising oil supplies, 2 weak oil demand, 3 financial shifts on Wall Street, and 4 a strong U.S. dollar far outweigh the geopolitical risks in the Mideast and put downward pressure on oil prices. This Paper analyzes the concomitant factors that are now putting upward pressure on oil prices, as well as those that continue to keep oil prices relatively low. On the supply side, lower oil prices in part reflect booming U.S. oil production. The real game changer is the recent discovery of 30 more years of unconventional oil. The global oil market is now swimming in one trillion more barrels of oil that was not included in the world oil supply a few years ago. This new oil supply mostly breaks down into three types of unconventional extraction of oil Brazil s deep water oil, U.S. shale oil, and Canada s oil sands. On the demand side, there continues to be a sluggish global economy. For instance, Japan, Germany, and Italy are all suffering from near economic contraction. China s growth is rapidly slowing down and is a far cry from its double digit growth in the past. Meanwhile, the U.S. economy was also weak after the global financial crisis. In an effort to boost gross domestic product growth, the federal government Fed under Ben Bernanke loosened the monetary policy increased the growth of the money supply, which in turn caused oil prices to rise as a hedge against expected inflation and a weak dollar, but runaway high inflation never happened. So now the Fed under Janet Yellen is planning to tighten monetary policy by reducing or tapering the pace of growth of quantitative easing, which, in turn, will strengthen the U.S. dollar.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE