Accession Number:

ADA619468

Title:

Estimating Summer Ocean Heating in the Arctic Ice Pack Using High-Resolution Satellite Imagery

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2014-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

113.0

Abstract:

Recent observations have shown that the sea ice coverage and thickness in the Arctic Ocean is significantly decreasing. Areas of the Arctic that have traditionally been covered year-round with thick multiyear ice are being replaced by thinner first-year ice and open water. This results in increased amounts of solar radiation being absorbed and stored as heat in the upper ocean, where it is available for enhanced basal melting of sea ice. Measurements from Autonomous Ocean Flux Buoys AOFBs and Ice-Tethered Profilers ITPs were correlated to determine the ocean properties of the ice-ocean boundary layer IOBL. High-resolution satellite imagery was processed to determine sensor positions within the image. Heat content of the IOBL was calculated by vertically integrating the departure from freezing for the time series along the AOFB drift track. This study represents one of the first attempts to quantify local open water fraction and upper ocean heat content using 1-meter pixel resolution imagery. Results indicate that the use of high-resolution satellite imagery can be used to accurately quantify local open water fraction. Approach was evaluated and validated against open water fraction, heat content, and heat flux measurements with promising results.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Snow, Ice and Permafrost
  • Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE