Accession Number:

ADA618648

Title:

Ten-Year Analysis of Transfusion in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom: Increased Plasma and Platelet Use Correlates with Improved Survival

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX

Report Date:

2012-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

BACKGROUND The Joint Theater Trauma Registry database, begun early in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, created a comprehensive repository of information that facilitated research efforts and produced rapid changes in clinical care. New clinical practice guidelines were adopted throughout the last decade. The damage-control resuscitation clinical practice guideline sought to provide high-quality blood products in support of tissue perfusion and hemostasis. The goal was to reduce death from hemorrhagic shock in patients with severe traumatic bleeding. This 10-year review of the Joint Theater Trauma Registry database reports the military s experience with resuscitation and coagulopathy, evaluates the effect of increased plasma and platelet PLT to red blood cell ratios, and analyzes other recent changes in practice. METHODS Records of US active duty service members at least 18 years of age who were admitted to a military hospital from March 2003 to February 2012 were entered into a database. Those who received at least one blood product n 3,632 were included in the analysis. Data were analyzed with respect to interactions within and between categories demographics, admission characteristics, hospital course, and outcome. Transfusions were analyzed with respect to time, survival, and effect of increasing transfusion ratios. RESULTS Coagulopathy was prevalent upon presentation 33 with international normalized ratio Q 1.5, correlated with increased mortality fivefold higher, and was associated with the need for massive transfusion. High transfusion ratios of fresh frozen plasma and PLT to red blood cellswere correlated with higher survival but not decreased blood requirement. Survivalwas most correlated with PLT ratio, but high fresh frozen plasma ratio had an additive effect PLT odds ratio, 0.22.

Subject Categories:

  • Biochemistry
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE