Vortex Nucleation in a Dissipative Variant of the Nonlinear Schroedinger Equation Under Rotation
SAN DIEGO STATE UNIV CA
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In the present work, we motivate and explore the dynamics of a dissipative variant of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation under the impact of external rotation. As in the well established Hamiltonian case, the rotation gives rise to the formation of vortices. We show, however, that the most unstable mode leading to this instability scales with an appropriate power of the chemical potential of the system, increasing proportionally to 23. The precise form of the relevant formula, obtained through our asymptotic analysis, provides the most unstable mode as a function of the atomic density and the trap strength. We show how these unstable modes typically nucleate a large number of vortices in the periphery of the atomic cloud. However, through a pattern selection mechanism, prompted by symmetry-breaking, only few isolated vortices are pulled in sequentially from the periphery towards the bulk of the cloud resulting in highly symmetric stable vortex configurations with far fewer vortices than the original unstable mode. These results may be of relevance to the experimentally tractable realm of finite temperature atomic condensates.
- Quantum Theory and Relativity