Accession Number:

ADA618202

Title:

Investigating Maneuverability, Stability and Control of Flapping Flight

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Aug 2013-31 Jul 2014

Corporate Author:

CORNELL UNIV ITHACA NY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2014-11-10

Pagination or Media Count:

12.0

Abstract:

Due to aerodynamic instabilities, stable flapping flight requires ever-present fast corrective actions. We investigated how flies control body roll angle, which is unstable and their most sensitive degree of freedom. We glued a magnet to each fly and applied a short magnetic pulse that rolls it in mid-air. Fast video shows flies correct perturbations up to 100 degrees within 30ms by applying a stroke-amplitude asymmetry that is well described by a linear PI controller. For more aggressive perturbations, we show evidence for nonlinear and hierarchical control mechanisms. Flies respond to roll perturbations within 5ms, making this correction reflex one of the fastest in the animal kingdom.

Subject Categories:

  • Biology
  • Operations Research
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE