Processor-Based Strong Physical Unclonable Functions with Aging-Based Response Tuning (Preprint)
RICE UNIV HOUSTON TX DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
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A strong physically unclonable function PUF is a circuit structure that extracts an exponential number of unique chip signatures from a bounded number of circuit components. The strong PUF unique signatures can enable a variety of low-overhead security and intellectual property protection protocols applicable to several computing platforms. This paper proposes a novel lightweight low overhead strong PUF based on the timings of a classic processor architecture. A small amount of circuitry is added to the processor for on the-fly extraction of the unique timing signatures. To achieve desirable strong PUF properties, we develop an algorithm which leverages intentional post-silicon aging to tune the interchip and intra-chip signature variation. Our evaluation results show that the new PUF meets the desirable inter- and intrachip strong PUF characteristics, while its overhead is much lower than the existing strong PUFs. For the processors implemented in 45nm technology, the average inter-chip Hamming distance for 32-bit responses is increased by 16.1 after applying our post-silicon tuning method the aging algorithm also decreases the average intra-chip Hamming distance by 98.1 for 32-bit responses.
- Computer Hardware
- Computer Systems Management and Standards