DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Acute Dermal Irritation Study In New Zealand White Rabbits: Four Alcohol-to-Jet (ATJ) Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) Alternative Jet Fuels Compared With Petroleum-Derived JP-8
Interim rept. Dec 2012-May 2013
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT PATTERSON AFB OH HUMAN PERFORMANCE WING (711TH) HUMAN EFFECTIVENESS DIR/ BIOEFFECTS DIVISION
Pagination or Media Count:
The objective of this study was to compare the dermal irritation potential of four synthetic paraffinic kerosene SPK fuels produced by the alcohol to jet ATJ process with irritation produced by petroleum-derived JP-8. ATJ SPK alternative fuels are produced by the dehydration and refining of an isobutanol or similar alcohol feedstock. Two ATJ SPK fuels were produced by Gevo, Inc. one was produced from petrochemical sources Gevo ATJ SPK non-bio and the other was bio-derived Gevo ATJ SPK bio. The remaining two ATJ SPK fuels were produced by Swedish Biofuels AB the original formula SB ATJ SPK old and the current version SB ATJ SPK new were both tested. A score of moderately irritating, as evaluated by the Primary Dermal Irritation Index PDII and Descriptive Rating, was calculated for the occluded exposures to all fuels except the Gevo ATJ SPK non-bio, which was only slightly irritating when occluded. Slightly irritating scores were calculated for all semi-occluded exposures. All fuel exposures resulted in very slight to slight remaining erythema andor edema through study day 14. Normal handling of these ATJ SPK fuels by airmen, alone or in a 5050 blend with petroleum-derived JP-8, is not expected to result in increased irritation beyond that of current JP-8 fuels.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE