Navigation Constellation Design Using a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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In satellite constellation design, performance and cost of the system drive the design process. The Global Positioning System GPS constellation is currently used to provide positioning and timing worldwide. As satellite technology has improved over the years, the cost to develop and maintain the satellites has increased. Using a constellation design tool, it is possible to analyze the tradeoffs of new navigation constellation designs Pareto fronts that illustrate the tradeoffs between position dilution of precision PDOP and system cost. This thesis utilized Satellite Tool Kit STK to calculate PDOP values of navigation constellations, and the Unmanned Spacecraft Cost Model USCM along with the Small Spacecraft Cost Model SSCM to determine system cost. The design parameters used include Walker constellation parameters, orbital elements, and transmit power. The results show that the constellation design tool produces realistic solutions. Using the generated solutions, an analysis of the navigation constellation designs was presented.
- Unmanned Spacecraft