Simultaneous Determination of Cyanide and Thiocyanate in Plasma by Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography Mass-Spectrometry (CI-GC-MS)
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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An analytical method utilizing chemical ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was developed for the simultaneous determination of cyanide and thiocyanate in plasma. Sample preparation for this analysis required essentially one-step by combining the reaction of cyanide and thiocyanate with pentafluorobenzyl bromide and simultaneous extraction of the product into ethyl acetate facilitated by a phase-transfer catalyst, tetrabutylammonium sulfate. The limits of detection for cyanide and thiocyanate were 1 muM and 50 nM, respectively. The linear dynamic range was from 10 muM to 20 mM for cyanide and from 500 nM to 200 MuM for thiocyanate with correlation coefficients higher than o.000 for both cyanide and thiocyanate. The precision, as measured by RSD, was below 9 , and the accuracy was within 15 of the nominal concentration for all quality control standards analyzed. The gross recoveries of cyanide and thiocyanate from plasma were over 90 . Using this method, the toxicokinetic behavior of cyanide and thiocyanate in swine plasma was assessed following cyanide exposure.
- Miscellaneous Detection and Detectors