A Room Temperature Low-Threshold Ultraviolet Plasmonic Nanolaser
HARVARD UNIV CAMBRIDGE MA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL BIOLOGY
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Constrained by large ohmic and radiation losses, plasmonic nanolasers operated at visible regime are usually achieved either with a high threshold 100-10,000 MWsq cm or at cryogenic temperatures 4-120 K. Particularly, the bending-back effect of surface plasmon SP dispersion at high energy makes the SP lasing below 450nm more challenging. Here we demonstrate the first strong room temperature ultraviolet 370 nm SP polariton laser with an extremely low threshold 3.5MWsq cm. We find that a closed-contact planar semiconductor-insulator-metal interface greatly lessens the scattering loss, and more importantly, efficiently promotes the exciton-SP energy transfer thus furnishes adequate optical gain to compensate the loss. An excitation polarization-dependent lasing action is observed and interpreted with a microscopic energy-transfer process from excitons to SPs. Our work advances the fundamental understanding of hybrid plasmonic waveguide laser and provides a solution of realizing room temperature UV nanolasers for biological applications and information technologies.
- Lasers and Masers