Release of a Wound-healing Agent from PLGA Microspheres in a Thermosensitive Gel
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX ARMY DENTAL AND TRAUMA RESEARCH DETACHMENT
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The purpose of this research was to develop a topical microsphere delivery system in a thermosensitive 20 poloxamer 407 gel Pluronic F127 to control release of KSL-W, a cationic antimicrobial decapeptide, for a period of 4 7 days for potential application in combat related injuries. KSL-W loaded microsphere formulations were prepared by a solvent extraction-evaporation method water-oil-water, with poly D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid PLGA 50 50, low-weight, and hydrophilic end as the polymeric system. After optimization of the process, three formulations A, B, and C were prepared with different organic to water ratio of the primary emulsion while maintaining other components and manufacturing parameters constant. Formulations were characterized for surface morphology, porous nature, drug loading, in vitro drug release, and antimicrobial activity. Microspheres containing 20 peptide with porous surfaces and internal structure were prepared in satisfactory yields and in sizes varying from 25 to 50 microm. Gels of 20 Pluronic F127, which were liquid at or below 24.6 deg C and formed transparent films at body temperature, were used as carriers for the microspheres. Rheological studies showed a gelation temperature of 24.6 deg C for the 20 Pluronic F127 gel alone. Gelation temperature and viscosity of formulations A, B, and C as a function of temperature were very close to those of the carrier. A Franz diffusion cell system was used to study the release of peptide from the microspheres suspended in both, phosphate-buffered saline PBS and a 20 Pluronic F127 gel. In vitro release of greater than 50 peptide was found in all formulations in both PBS and the gel, and in one formulation there was a release of 75 in both PBS and the gel.
- Medicine and Medical Research