The United States' European Phased Adaptive Approach Missile Defense System: Defending Against Iranian Missile Threats Without Diluting the Russian Deterrent
RAND CORP ARLINGTON VA NATIONAL SECURITY RESEARCH DIV
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The European Phased Adaptive Approach EPAA missile defense system was initiated by the Barack Obama administration in 2009 to defend against current and future missile threats posed by Iran to bases and cities in Europe. The plan, however, garnered strong opposition from Russia. In particular, Phase 4 of the system, in which Standard Missile SM-3 IIB would be deployed in Redzikowo, Poland, was cited by Russia as a threat to its nuclear deterrent. After the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was signed in 2010, Russia refused to engage in further nuclear arms control talks with the United States unless its concerns about EPAA were addressed. In March of 2013, Phase 4 of the EPAA system was canceled. Analysis in this report shows that the restructured system does not affect Russia s deterrent and is still capable of kinematically reaching and intercepting Iranian missiles. This policy action has opened a window for the United States and Russia to come together on additional bilateral nuclear arms reduction measures and missile defense cooperation. The research reported here was prepared as part of the Stanton Nuclear Security Fellows program at the RAND Corporation. Research was conducted during a one-year fellowship at RAND under the guidance and supervision of a RAND mentor. This fellowship is sponsored by the Stanton Foundation. This research was conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.
- Defense Systems
- Guided Missiles