Non-battle Craniomaxillofacial Injuries from U.S. Military Operations
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
Pagination or Media Count:
Non-battle injuries NBIs can be a source of significant resource utilization for the armed forces in a deployed setting. While the incidence and severity of craniomaxillofacial CMF battle injuries BIs have reportedly increased in the ongoing U.S. military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the prevalence and the nature of NBIs are not well described. The Joint Theater Trauma Registry was queried from October 2001 to February 2011, covering Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, for both NBIs and BIs to the CMF region. Patient demographics, injury severity score, mechanism and type of injury were included in the query. Using ICD-9 diagnosis codes, CMF injuries were classified according to type wounds, fractures, burns, vascular injuries, and nerve injuries. Statistical analysis was performed for comparative analysis. CMF NBIs accounted for a substantial portion of total CMF injuries. Though characterized predominantly by blunt trauma with an overall better prognosis, its burden to the limited resources of a deployment can be significant. This descriptive study highlights the need to allocate appropriate resources for treatment of these injuries as well as strategies to reduce both its incidence and severity.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Weapons Effects (Biological)
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics