Accession Number:

ADA615092

Title:

Early Implementation of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Optimizes Casualty Evacuation for Combat-Related Acute Kidney Injury

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX

Report Date:

2013-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

6.0

Abstract:

The purpose of this report was to review the initial use and feasibility of continuous renal replacement therapy CRRT among combat casualties in a war zone. Although rapid evacuation to more advanced levels of care has emerged as the standard approach, life-threatening sequelae of acute kidney injury AKI can preclude safe patient evacuation. For the first time in US combat casualty care, a sustained, intensivist-led CRRT program was initiated during 2010 at an Air Force theater hospital. A prospective study of consecutive US service members USSMs who developed combat-related renal failure and underwent CRRT at the Craig Joint Theater Hospital was undertaken. Baseline patient characteristics, indications for CRRT, laboratory values, and outcomes were evaluated. Intensivist-led CRRT is an effective therapeutic adjunct in the treatment of combat-related AKI. Provision of this extracorporeal therapy provides physiologic stabilization of casualties who might otherwise succumb to the sequelae of combat-related renal failure. These findings suggest that a self-sustaining CRRT program can be successfully implemented in combat support hospitals.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Weapons Effects (Biological)

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE