Optimization of Turkish Air Force SAR Units Forward Deployment Points for a Central Based SAR Force Structure
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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Many developed countries that have a combatant Air Force and Search Rescue SAR assets designed for their Air Forces SAR service have been struggling with locating SAR units due to limited SAR assets, constrained budgets, logistic-maintenance problems, and high-risk level of military flights. In recent years, the Turkish Air Force TUAF has also been researching methods to gather all SAR units into a central base and deploying the needed number of SAR units to defined Deployment Points DPs. This research applies three location optimization models to determine the optimum locations for TUAF SAR units. The first model, Set Covering Location Problem SCLP, defines the minimum number of SAR DPs to cover all fighter aircraft training areas TAs. The second model, Maximal Covering Location Problem MCLP, aims to obtain maximum coverage with a given SAR DP number and response time. A weighted MCLP models is also applied with TAs risk values obtained by this research to maximize demanded coverage of TAs. Finally the last model, P-Median Location Problem, defines the locations of SAR DPs while obtaining minimum aggregate or average response time. These three models are applied via a Visual Basic for Applications VBA LINGO Optimization Software interface that allows changing each exogenous variable of the models in a flexible way. The primary objective of this research is to provide the information for the required number of SAR units and their locations. The results indicate that the response time definition is as important as the required number of DPs. Additionally some DP locations are indispensible because they have no alternative in their sectors.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics