Photopiezoelectric Composites of Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides and Polyvinylidene Fluoride (Postprint)
Interim rept. 24 Dec 2009-15 Sep 2014
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS DIV
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Light is a readily available and sustainable energy source. Transduction of light into mechanical work or electricity in functional materials, composites, or systems has other potential advantages derived from the ability to remotely, spatially, and temporally control triggering by light. Toward this end, this work examines photoinduced piezoelectric photopiezoelectric effects in laminate composites prepared from photoresponsive polymeric materials and the piezoelectric polymer polyvinylidene fluoride PVDF. In the geometry studied here, photo piezoelectric conversion is shown to strongly depend on the photomechanical proper-ties inherent to the azobenzene-functionalized polyimides. Based on prior examinations of photo mechanical effects in azobenzene-functionalized polyimides, this investigation focuses on amorphous materials and systematically varies the concentration of azobenzene in the copolymers. The baseline photomechanical response of the set of polyimides is characterized in cantilever deflection experiments. To improve the photo-mechanical response of the materials and enhance the electrical conversion, the polyimides are drawn to increase the magnitude of the deflection as well as photogenerated stress. In laminate composites, the photomechanical response of the materials in sequenced light exposure is shown to transduce light energy into electrical energy. The frequency of the photopiezoelectric response of the composite can match the frequency of the sequenced light exposing the films.
- Polymer Chemistry
- Laminates and Composite Materials
- Electricity and Magnetism